Certificate Course in Forensic Science

Course Description

Forensic Science owes its origin to those scientists who developed the principles and techniques required to identify and/or compare physical evidence and also to those who recognized the necessity of merging these principles into a coherent discipline that could be practically applied to a criminal justice system. Forensic Science is the application of science to those criminal and civil laws that are enforced by law enforcement agencies in the Criminal Justice System. It covers areas like Anthropology, chemistry, biology, physics, ballistics pathology and odontology which encompass important and relevant areas of knowledge and practice in law enforcement, each being an integral part of the Forensic Science. These areas are also useful in determining evidential value of crime scene and related reference.

Type of Degree (Diploma/Degree) : Certificate
Type of Course : Post Graduate
Duration of Course : One year course
Venue For Teaching : Department of Antropology University of Delhi. Delhi-110 007.

Parent Department : Department of Anthropology
Parent Faculty : Faculty of SCIENCE

Subjects : Paper I : Criminology, Criminal Law and Criminal Anthropology Paper II : Forensic Science I 100 marks Paper III : Forensic Science II 100 marks Practical Test Papers IV & V 200 marks.

Subject Syllabus : PAPER I: CRIMINOLOGY, CRIMINAL LAW AND CRIMINAL ANTHROPOLOGY Criminology and Criminal anthropology- Introduction nature and its historical development. Definition of crime, its theories and treatment. Aims anthropology and environment and the criminal behaviour. Role and function of Police and relationship of Police with Forensic Science. Organization and functioning of Police in general and with reference to Delhi Police and its training programs. Scene of crime investigation involving functioning of Dog Squad and allied Scientific aids. Problems of road accidents, their investigation and prevention. Maintenance of crime records; including Fingerprint Bureau and Modus Operandi Bureau, etc. including their computerization. Function of Excise and Custom Authorities in prevention of Crime. SECTION B Criminal Law Basis and evolution of rights to punish. Penal Law and procedures in India. Modern Penology and treatment of delinquents including correctional institutions. Law of evidence and police administration in India.

Other legal investigational authorities (excise, health, food, customs etc.) under different Acts of India and their working and scope. Position of Forensic Scientists under the law. Presentation of scientific evidence in court and its legal acceptance. Paper II: Forensic Science I General methods of chemical analysis for alcohol, spirits, drugs, food, explosives, inflammable solvents, inks, narcotics, etc. Isolation and identification of synthetic, organic, vegetable and study of vegetable poisons, drugs and pesticides and their methods of analysis. Biology- Composition and identification of blood and determination of species of origin and human blood types. Detection and study of different biological stains, e.g. semen, sweat vomit excreta, saliva, urine etc. Study of hair tissues, vegetable matter (Starches and pollens) and fibers. Study of Human Skeleton remains Determination of age, sex, height etc. from skeletal remains. History, scope and set-up of medical jurisprudence. Identification of living and the dead. Time of death and manner of death with reference to wounds and injuries including drowning, burning, strangulation, firearms abuse etc. Rape, carnal knowledge, abortions, infanticides, suicides. Post-mortem and its role in all cases of death including poisoning Expert medical evidence in court. PAPER III: FORENSIC SCIENCE II Forensic Science: History-development-present scope of forensic science and its utilization at the scene of crime and in the courts. Producers of accepting crime cases and their reporting by the forensic science laboratories. Organizational set-up and development of forensic science Laboratories in India and abroad. Physical analysis: Determination of Physical Properties of materials, such as density, conductivity, refractive index, particle size, etc.

Optical properties including microscopic and stereoscopic examination as well as visible ultra violet and infra red spectrophotometry, Analysis of micro quantity of metals by spectrography, X-Rays diffraction and atomic absorption spectrophotometry, use of X-Ray in crime detection. Matching of tool marks, tyre marks and decipherment of erased numbers. Ballistics: Nature, scope and working of country-made and modern firearms including their use in crime. Identification of guns and comparison of cartridges and bullets using comparison microscopy. Reconstruction of scene of crime involving use of firearms and explosives. Explosives, their properties and abuse in crime. General test methods for explosives detection and analysis, Presentation of expert testimony in court. Documents and Fingerprint Examination: Scope, development and methods of examination of questioned documents in all crimes. Basis of handwriting comparison and methods for detection of forgery and counterfeit notes and other documents. Methods for developing fingerprint on paper and other objects. Their photography for comparison. Photography, its basic principles and application in forensic science. PRACTICAL TEST Identification and analysis of alcohol, explosive residues, narcotics and drugs by chemical tests. Identification of common poisons, inks and foods by chemical tests as well as thin layer chromatography. Tests for detection of blood semen, saliva, urine vomit etc. and elementary serological tests for bloodstains.

Study of human hair and its comparison with animal hair for identification. Similar study of fibers and their identification through chemical tests and microscopy. Micro measurements and identification using microscope, traveling microscope or stereo microscope. Filing and recording of fingerprints. Development and lifting of latent finger, palm and foot prints and their comparison. Measurement and study of different bones to determine sex, age and height. Measurements on skull, calculation of important indices- determination of age and sex from skull/pelvis. Collecting evidence at the scene of crime, recording the data and preparation of reports. Measurements on living individuals.

Scheme of Grading : No Data Available

Admission Eligibility : No Data Available

Other Info : Each of the written papers is of three hours duration and carries 100 marks. The Practical Test carries 200 marks out of which 25% marks are reserved for the Laboratory and field records. The Practical test includes Viva-voce. The Practical Test consists of two papers each of 5 hours? duration. Tuition Fees: A student is required to pay a fee of Rs.300/- for the whole course payable in three installments of Rs.100/- each along with the prescribed registration fee. Attendance: A student is required to attend not less than 75% of the lectures delivered and practicals separately.

A candidate, who falls short of the required percentage of attendance either in lectures or practicals held, shall not be allowed to take the examination. The minimum percentage of marks required to pass the examination is 40% in the written papers, 40% in the practical test, and 50% in the aggregate. A candidate obtaining 75% or more marks in the aggregate is shown as having obtained Distinction.

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