M.Sc. in Environmental Biology

Course Description : No Data Available

Type of Degree (Diploma/Degree) : Degree
Type of Course : Post Graduate
Duration of Course : Two years course
Venue For Teaching : Department of Environmental Biology University of Delhi
Delhi-110 007.

Parent Department : Department of Environmental Biology
Parent Faculty : Faculty of INT. DISP. & APPLIED SCIENCES

Subject Syllabus : Course I:Earth Systems The major attention is given to: -Atmospheric chemistry -Hydrosphere-atmosphere interactions and evolution of biosphere -Biometeorology -Physicochemical aspects of environments in different landforms -Geomorphic processes -Soil dynamics and biology -Biogeochemical cycles

This course encompasses both physical and chemical aspects of abiotic components of the ecosystems at the local, regional and global levels. Sun and climate; oceans and atmosphere sun and earth; astronomical catastrophics; atmospheric chemistry and global climate; atmosphere as life supporting system; evolution of biosphere and major biomes with particular reference to India; influence of geomagnetic field on the biosphere; the climate system and general circulation of the atmosphere; air pollution meteorology; hydrology of surface water systems and ground water; meteorology; geochemistry of water; mountain building and plateau uplifting; earthquakes; volcanism on environmental change; geological calenders; environmental geology; (introduction, primary and secondary environments); geomorphological process and landscape; physicochemical aspects of oceans, rivers, estuaries, deserts, forests, and terrestrial and mountain environments; physical and chemical aspects of soils; soil dynamics and biology; biogeochemical cycles.

-Practicals:Based on above topics.

Course II:Cell Biology and Genetics This course is aimed at:
How genetic information encoded in DNA is translated into phenotypic cellular products Molecular, biochemical and genetic mechanisms that regulate, control or modify the gene expression -Principles of applied genetics. Both prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems will be discussed.

Biochemistry of nucleic acids; structure and properties of proteins; protein biosynthesis; genetic code; gene structure and expression; mobile genetic elements; genome organization; organelle genomes; chromosome biology and evolution; cell structure, organization and function; cell genetics; mutagenesis; breeding principles and methods; chromosome engineering; polyplodiy; induced mutation breeding; tissue culture, parasexual hybridization; microinjection, electroporation and particle gun technology; principles of gene splicing; tools and techniques of recombinant DNA technology; hybridoma and transfectoma technologies; DNA transformation; antisense RNA technology; gene targeting.

Practicals:Based on above topics.

Course III: Environmental Physiology and Behavioural Science. In this course the major emphasis is on: -Growth and development -Physiological, biochemical and genetic mechanisms associated with organismal adaptations -Environmental stress -Behavioural aspects. Plants, animals and microbes would be taken as exemplary systems. The focus would be on both basic and applied aspects of physiology, biochemistry and behavioural ecology.

a) Environmental Physiology General aspects of reproductive biology; embryology; growth and morphogenesis in plants, animals and microbes; general aspects of Carbon, Nitrogen, Sulphur and energy metabolism, photosynthesis; transpiration; biological nitrogen fixation; ecology of mineral nutrition; hormonal control of growth and development; secondary metabolites in plants and microbes.

b) Behavioural Science Environmental stress and organismal responses; physiological adaptations of biota to abiotic stresses (temperature, pressure, salinity; water and ions. and gases of biological significance); seasonal adaptations and biological rhythms (role of temperature and photoperiodism in seasonality of reproduction in vertebrates); biological clocks; mimicry and camouflage; echolocation; structural determinants of behaviour in relation to food; olfactory behaviour and pheromonal interactions; behaviour of polymorphic/sibling/ sympatric species; sensory physiology and asthetics; sociobiology.

Practicals:Based on above topics.

Course IV: Evolutionary Biology and Systematics The focal theme of this course is on: -Theory and mechanistics of evolutionary biology -Organisation and diversification of genome above one gene level -Organisation, function and evolution of cell -Population genetics -Origin and evolution of biological diversity, Classification of the biological diversity Microbes, plants and animals would be taken as examples Philosophy of biology; concepts of evolutionary biology; evolution of molecules to organic diversity; genetic variability and evolutionary mechanisms, genetic structure of populations; changes of gene frequency; small populations; components of variations and resemblance; altruism; selection; mating systems and gene flow; genotype x environmental interaction; population differentiation; speciation and extinction; long term evolution; adaptive radiation; biological diversity; taxonomic structure; principles of classification and nomenclature; biosystematics; evolutionary trends morphological, anatomical and phytochemical features; reproduce patterns among higher taxonomic groups; biogeography and biota.

Practicals: Based on above topics with emphasis on taxonomic methodologies.

Course V: Organismal and Population Ecology The major focus of this course is on: -Adaptive strategies at the organismal level -Population structure in relation to spatial distribution -Population dynamics and regulatory mechanisms -Kinds of interspecific interactions -Population models. Microbes, plants and animals will be taken as examples.

Dynamics of growth and form; life history strategies in different groups of biota; phenotypic plasticity and genetic assimilation; factorial approach; factorial interaction; concepts of ecotypes and ecads; population as unit of evolution; limiting factors; population growth; concept of carrying capacity; population fluctuations and regulatory mechanisms; population structure and spatial distribution; kinds of interspecific interactions; interspecific competition and interactions between trophic levels; model for single population; bionomic strategies and population parameters; models for two interacting populations; plant-herbivore systems.

Practicals: Bases on above topics.

Course VI: Community Ecology, Ecosystem Dynamics and Modelling The aim of this course is to provide an insight on: -Community structure and organization -Ecological succession and ecosystem development -Ecological energetics -Kinds of ecosystems and their functioning -Species diversity and stability of ecosystem -Systems ecology. Both terrestrial and aquatic (lotic and marine) ecosystem would be used as examples.

Concept of biotic community; multispecies competition spatial and temporal patterns; equilibrium and non-equilibrium communities; species diversity and patterns in communities; kind of communities; the ecosystem perspective; evolution of the ecosystem; niche structure and evolution; biomass productivity patterns; energy in ecological systems; structure and function of terrestial, marine, lotic and lake ecosystems; mathematicl principles; sets and symbolic logic, relations and functions (general linear functions), power function and related functions, graphical methods, units, differential and integral calculus, ordinary differential equations, probability, matrices and vectors; deterministic and stochastic models; mathematical and computer models in ecology; binary arithmetic, number representation in computer, DOS commands and editor, BASIC (language), developing simple programmes in BASIC, microcomputers in environmental management; computer graphics; sigma plot; data logging.

Practicals:Based on above topics.

Course VII: Environmental Toxicology and Impact Assessment This course is aimed at:
-Dynamics of the relationship between man and nature -Population and resources -Thresholds of change in the biosphere due to anthropogenic activities -Global climatic changes -Genotoxicology. Issues relating to the human demands and the carrying capacity of the earth and the consequences of ever increasing population on the biosphere would be discussed.

Carrying capacity; environmental quality; ecological and social impacts of man-resource depletion, loss of biological diversity, land degradation and deforestation, and pollution; environmental pollutants and their dynamics; biopollutants; aquatic, soil and air pollution; noise pollution; nuclear winter; zone depletion and green house effect; genotoxicology, carcinogens and carcinogenesis; immunotoxic agents; teratogens; microbial toxins; biological indicators; environmental pollutants and human health-role of FAO, WHO and EPA; impact assessment methods and procedures; environmental planning predicting the impacts on physical environment and biotic communities case studies.

Practicals: Based on above topics.

Course VIII: Biotechnology in Resource Enhancement and Ecosystem Redevelopment This course is essentially oriented to provide information on:
-Conventional technologies applied for the improvement of plants, animals and microbes of agricultural and forestry importance. -Application for non-conventional technologies for evolving genetically improved strains of biota. Technologies relevant to:
(i) enhance the biological productivity on degraded lands, (ii) soil amelioration and protection, (iii) purification of polluted environments, and (iv) renewable resources of energy and biocycling of industrial, domestic and agricultural wastes would be adequately covered.

Applications of genetic engineering to enhanced levels of plant productivity biological N2-fixation and to develop desirable organisms that are tolerant to biotic and abiotic stresses; microbial technologies for resource recycling, the management and protection of natural and managed ecosystems, and solid waste and sewage disposal and their management; tissue culture technology in relation to reforestation and afforestation; restoration concepts for terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems; technological inputs into restoration and cost effectiveness.

Practical: Based on above topics.

Course IX: Conservation and Development The focal theme of this course is on: -Conservation strategies -Methods of conservation of living resources -Politics, education and environmental ethics -Patent rights and genetic resources -International conventions and Environmental Laws -Restoration ecology in relation to developmental activities Topics relating to the conservation of plants, animals microbes would be adequately covered.

Genetics and ecology of extinction; introductions; extinction exterminations and invasions; wildlife habitat and biology; ecosystem fragmentation and edge effects; concepts of keystone speds stability and complexity of the biotic communities; Red and Green Data Books; genetic resources; world conservation strategy; in situ and ex situ conservation strategies; principles of preservation; desirable and management; legislation; people?s involvement and public concern; cultural significance of natural protection; code of conduct society, government and environment; seeds and sovereignty; ethics and environment; international regulation of trade in endangered living resources; international and national institutions/organization associated with conservation; restoration ecology in relation to development; raising agricultural productivity; renewable sources of energy; farm and community forestry; stabilizing chemical cycle designing sustainable economics.

Practicals: Based on above topics.

Course X: Project A field-based investigative study
Note:The practicals in all the Courses outlined encompass both Laboratory Exercise and Field-cum-Laboratory Oriented Exercise (in the form of micro projects).

Admission Eligibility :

B.Sc. in Biology/ Life/Env./ Agric. Sci. with Ist Div.

Other Info:

Entrance Test.

Home > Courses > M.Sc. in Environmental Biology
  1. omofuma lucky
    December 27th, 2009 at 03:46 | #1

    i ve BSc in microbiology and i want to study applied and enviromental biology in post graduate MSc level.please send me all the necessary detail details needed

    thanks

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