English Stream A Composition And Comprehension Regular Previous Year Question Paper Year 2005 : IInd Year

Q, 1. (A) Read the following passage and answer the quests that follow :

Most people would agree that, although our age far surpasses all previous ages in knowledge there has been no correlative increase in wisdom. But agreement ceases as soon as we attempt to define ‘wisdom’ and consider means of promoting it. 1 want lo ask first what wisdom is, and then what can be done to teach it.

There are, I think, several factors that contribute to wisdom. Of these 1 should put first a sense of proportion ; the capacity to take account of all the important factors in a problem and to attach to each its due weight. This has become more difficult than it used to be owing to the extent and complexity of the specialized knowledge required of various kinds of technicians. Suppose, for example, that you are engaged in research in scientific medicine. The work is dif¬ficult and is likely to absorb the whole of your intellectual energy. You have no time to consider the effect which your discoveries or inventions may have outside the field of medicine. You succeed (let us say), as modern medicine has succeeded, in enormously lowering foe infant death-rate, not only in Europe and America but also in Ma and Africa. This has the entirely unintended result of making e food supply inadequate and lowering the standard of life in the most populous parts of the world. To take an even more spectacular Sample, which is in every body’s mind at the present time : You study the composition of the atom from a disinterested desire for knowledge, and incidentally place in the hands of powerful lunatics the means of destroying the human race. In such ways the pursuit of knowledge may become harmful unless it is combined with wisdom; and wisdom in the sense of comprehensive vision is not necessarily present in specialists in the pursuit of knowledge.

Comprehensiveness alone, however, is not enough to constitute wisdom. There must be, also, a certain awareness of the ends of human life. This may be illustrated by the study of history. Many emi¬nent historians have done more harm than good because they viewed facts through the distorting medium of their own passions.

(a) Is there any relationship between knowledge and wisdom? 3
(b) Which factor contributed the most to wisdom ? 3
(c) How does the pursuit of knowledge become harmful ? 3
(d) What alone is not enough to constitute wisdom? What else is required ? 3

(B) (e) Find words in the passage for : 3
(i) a state of having many different parts, which are connected to each other in a way which may be difficult to understand or deal with.
(ii) something that happens but was not planned.
(iii) something that is very inpressive or dramatic.

(C) (f) Write a short composition in approximately 100 words on :
“Harmful effects of knowledge.” 5
Answer :

Q. 2. (a) Do you agree with Nehru that the nation’s flag symbolises its history ? What is the symbolic significance of India’s flag ? 10

Or

(b) Do you agree with Forster that all the consequences of owning property are negative ?
Answer :

Q. 3. (a) Is the poem ‘Breaking Out’ about a woman’s liberation from the social role she is expected to play, or a child’s liberation from her parent’s tyranny or both ? 10

Or

(b) Does the narrator in the poem ‘Obituary’ strike you as being truthful and objective about his father, or as resentful and unkind ? Defend your answer.

Q. 4. (a) In what ways does The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg expose the hypocrisy and greed of the town ? 10

Or

(b) Do you think that the ‘revenge’ that the stranger sought was excessive or was it justified ?
Answer :

Q. 5. (a) How far is it correct to describe The Silver Box as a play about two thefts ?

Or

(b) Is Jones a thief, a rebel, or both ?
Answer :

Q. 6. It is heartening to note that we in India have educated ladies, who are keen in taking up administrative work. We are amazed to see what wonderful work women are doing in offices as typists, clerks, receptionists and officers. It has been noticed that they are quick to understand and very efficient in work and they have won the applause from the bureaucracy. Moreover, they cheer up others with a sweet smile and they can win over others to their point of viewr All important services have been thrown open to them. They are competing for the I.A.S. and Allied Services. We have women as magistrates, judges and revenue officers. They are coolheaded, dis¬passionate, objective and impartial.

There is a special sphere in which women are better suited than men. It is the sphere of social service, canvassing and propaganda. Their services are particularly needed in villages where they can more successfully perform the difficult task of canvassing the canons of family planning and child-welfare. In the urban area, they can efficiently take up the task of visiting and teaching the orphans, helpless widows and fallen women in orphanages and welfare centres. They can train their unfortunate sisters in sewing, knitting, spinning, em¬broidery and other handicrafts in which women excel by nature. They can also render social service whenever there is flood, famine, earthquake or some other natural calamity.

Women surely have a very important role to play in modem India. We are busy with our plans of national reconstruction, rural uplift and all-round development of our country for its progress and prosperity. In the social, economic and political sphere women too have to shoulder the responsibilities along with men. The day is not far when the Indian women would not only catch up with their western counterparts but also regain the honourable status they enjoyed in the distant past.

(A) Read the passage given above and answer the questions that follow :
(a) How are women working in various capacities?
(b) In which areas are women working better than men ?
(c) What will women gain by playing an important role in modern India ?

(B) Give one word substitutes for : 2
(a) an administrative system operated by a large number of officials following rules and procedures.
(b) rules or principles on which something is based.

(C) (a) Make a precis of the passage in 100-110 words.
(b) Give a suitable title to the precis. 2
Answer :

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