English Stream A Composition And Comprehension Regular Previous Year Question Paper Year 2006 : IInd Year

Q. 1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

Patriotism in its simplest terms means love of one’s country. It is a natural and primitive instinct in us. In the early days of the human race, families clung together to make themselves secure from wild animals. Then many families joined together to form a tribe which defended itself against other tribes. From the tribes came the nation and with national self-consciousness came patriotism. We show our patriotism in a variety of small gestures. For example, we wave our national flag when our team wins an international match. We shout slogans on our Independence Day. We raise loud cheers when our Prime Minister stands before us. Patriotism thus combines a diversity of feelings such as of unity, oneness, pride, gratitude for security, and common aims and achievements.

But patriotism is something much more than shouting and making a noise. It is to regard one’s nation as a great organic whole. It is to identify ourselves with its past and present fortunes, and to look forward to its future destinies, eople everywhere have done wonderful things for the sake of their countries. Joan, a simple village girl of France, liberated her country from the usurping British. Bhagat Singh and Chandershekhar Azad made the supreme sacrifice for the sake of India. And there have been such people [t almost every country of the world, such as George Washington in the United States, Garibaldi in Italy and Simon Bolivar in South America. Such men can never be forgotten.

Genuine patriotism is a sentiment of which we can be proud. But there is a spurious variety of it which can only be called pretended patriotism. It is no more than a clock for self-interest, not patriotism that reflects real and generous love of one’s own country. It was, perhaps, in such a context that Dr. Johnson once described patriotism as ‘the last resort of a scoundrel’. You can find such scoundrels in any country of the world. Their number seems to be particularly large in our country, at present. What will you call a black marketeer donating large amounts of money to the National Relief Fund ? Nor a politician trying to win the election by employing unfair means is any better,

(a) Define patriotism. How did it originate ? 3

(b) How do people generally expres their patriotic feelings ?

(c) How is patriotism more than shouting and making a noise?

(d) What is common among the great names mentioned in the given passage ?

(e) Differentiate between ‘genuine patriotism’ and ‘pretended patriotism’.

(f) Write 100-150 words on :
“Patriotism as a Grand Virtue.”
Answer :

Q. 2. (a) Discuss the condition of block “segregated” schools as revealed by G and his mother in the essay: ‘A Fly in Buttermilk”.

Or

(b) Describe the problems faced by Rama Bai Ranade and Rassundari Devi while making efforts to read and write.
Answer :

Q. 3. (a) Discuss ‘Mending Wall’ as a poem of two conflicting ideas. Which of these two ideas would you like to support ?

Or

(b) Read the lines and answer the questions that follow:
Death is the least we have to fear.
We are all in the hands of God,
Whatever happens happens by His Will.
Now go quickly to your shelters.

(i) Name the poem and the poet. 2
(ii) Who is the speaker of the given lines ? I
(iii) Describe the occasion of these lines. 2
(iv) What are the “Shelters” referred in the given lines ?
(v) Who are instructed to go to “your shelters” and why ?
(vi) Explain : ‘Whatever happens happens by His Will’.
Answer :

Q. 4. (a) Do you agree that the “revenge” taken by the stranger on the prominent citizens of Handleyburg was justified ? Give a reasoned answer.

Or

(b) Discuss the theme of the novel : ‘Man that Corrupted Handleyburg’.
Answer :

Q. 5. What does Galsworthy want to convey through the ‘two thefts’ in the play ‘The Silver Box’ ?

Or

Is Jones a thief, a rebel or both ? Discuss.
Answer :

Q. 6. Read the passage given below and answer the ques¬tions that follow:

There was a time when religion had a complete sway over mans life. Everything in the physical universe was explained in religious term. Lightning, for example, was thought to be God’s sword, and this created fear in men’s minds. Since social organization was based on religious principles, any attempt to disturb it was supposed to draw punishment from heaven. In this way, people became victims of their own beliefs and prejudices. In matters of faith, logic does not help much, and people are generally guided by their emotions. But the situation has entirely changed now. Science has made so much progress during the past centuries. This progress has been particularly phenomenal during the last fifty years. In the past much of what was merely religious prejudice, has now been explained with the help of reasoning based on scientific methods of investigation. People are no longer as religious as they used to be. Such a thing always happens. If we look at different periods of human history, it will be seen that with every scientific advance. faith in religion has gone down. And science has made so much progress in our age that we often notice a total lack of faith in a large number of people.

Yet it would be wrong to assume that lack of faith is something universal in our age. This is a characteristic of largely advanced societies where faith in religion is superficial and true spirituality is non-existent. People are so materialistic that they have no time to devote to the higher aspirations of man. Even those people in backward countries who have received modern education seem to follow the same path. Still, those people who are uneducated and ignorant, even now cling to their traditional faith. This is the situation in most backward countries of the world..

But this does not mean that completely scientifically conditioned societies have no need of religion. Today, America is the most advanced country in the world, in the material sense. But it h badly starving spiritually. That is why so many cults ae flourishing in that country. Indian swamis and gurus seem to be in great demand there. So many people from the rich wet visit India and the east in search of salvation. The progress made by science has given enough food to the mind. But human heart too needs nourishment, and this can come only from some from of spirituality.

What is, therefore, needed is a proper balance between science and religion. Both are needed for an integrated development of the human personality. Excessive religion would make a man blind to the reality of life. Similarly, exclusive devotion to science would deprive life of its spiritual essence. Science gives us knowledge and religion teaches us to work for peace; blessed are the peace-makers, says the Bible. Therefore, a balance, between the two is a prime necessity of life in the modern world.

(a) In what way was man under the complete influence of reli¬gion in the past ?
(b) I low was his attitude changed now ? I
(c) Why do we need to maintain a balance between science and religion ?
(d) Give one word substitutes for the following:
(i) That which is true or right at all times and in all places.
(ii) The quality of being concerned with religion or the human spirit.
(e) Make a precis of the given passage in about 120 words, 8
(f) Give the precis a suitable title.
Answer :

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