English Stream B Oral Communication, Reading Comprehension and Written English External Correspondence Previous Year Question Paper Year 2006 : IInd Year

Q. 1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow it:

‘A great mass’ of something means a great amount. When the new method of manufacturing articles in great numbers was introduced, a new name was wanted for it and ‘Mass production’ was the one that came into use.

In what ways does mass production differ from the older methods of manufacture ? Formerly a craftsman, or skilled workman, often made the whole of an article himself by hand. He put into his work all his skill, all his experience. He was proud of the fruits of his labour. His reputation, his standing among his fellows, depended on his skill and on his character. He would have been ashamed if any serious fault had appeared in his work. He was envied and admired by fellow-craftsmen whose skill was not equal to his own. Article made in this way could not be mass-produced. Each article differed slightly from the others; in every one there was something of the maker’s individuality. The finished article was sold at a high price, the price representing the time and the skill of the craftsman who had made it.

Many such articles, made long ago with loving care, possess a quanlity and a beauty that mass-produced goods cannot equal.

The wonderful pottery of ancient China, the lovely carpets of Persia, the engraved sword of Damascus, the silver-ware of the Middle Ages – all these things show the individual craftsmanship of their long dead makers.

These articles were made for the rich and for those who were moderately well off. The poorer classes could not hope to possess works of art. Their household untensils, their clothes and their farm tools were roughly and cheaply made, though very practical in serving the purposes for which they were designed.

Questions:
(i) What does the term ‘Mass production’ mean?
(ii) How did a craftsman manufacture articles in earlier times ?
iii) Were articles made by craftsmen in earlier times exactly alike ?
(iv)- Are mass-produced as beautiful as those that used to be made by craftsmen ?
(v) Why was the article made by a craftsman sold at a high price ?
(vi) What qualities-do the pottery of ancient China and carpets of Persia show ?
(vii) Were the engraved swords of Damascus and the silver-ware of the Middle Ages mass-produced ? 2
(viii) Were the poor people of olden times able to buy beautiful articles made by craftsmen ?
(ix) What kind of articles were made for poorer people?
(x) Give the opposite words of the following : 2
(a) Ancient;
(b)High.
(xi) Explain the line “he was proud of the fruits of his labour”.
(xii) Make sentences of your own with the following words:
(a) Labour;
(b) Experience;
(c) Utensils.
Answer :

Q. 2, Write a summary of the passage given in Q. 1 in about 150-200 words. Give a suitable title.
Answer :

Q. 3. (a) Write a paragraph of about 150 words describing your plans for the summer vacation.

Or

(b) Write a paragraph of about 150 words On the increasing cases of violence against women in our country today.
Answer :

Q. 4. (a) Write a letter to the editor of The Times of India condemning the large numbers of fatal accidents due to reckless driving by drunken and underage drivers.

Or

(b) Write a letter of complaint to the Principal of your college about the lack of cleanliness and clean drinking water in the premises.
Answer :

Q. 5. Harish and Geeta are talking about movies. Harish likes English movies while Geeta prefers Hindi movies. Write out a dialogue of about 6-8 lines between the two.
Answer :

Q. 6. Complete the following dialogue by filling the blanks with suitable responses:
You : (a)……………
Doctor : Good morning, What’s the problem ?
You : (b)……………
Doctor : Let’s see. (Measures you temperature). How long have you had this fever ?
You : (c)……………
Doctor : Besides the high temperature, do you have any other complaint ?
You : (d)……………
Doctor : Have you taken any medicine so far ?
You : (e)……………
Doctor : Okay. Take this medicine three times a day for five days.
You : Besides taking this medicine, (f)……………
Doctor : Ear”light food and take enough rest. That’s all you need to do.
You :(g)……………
Doctor : No, there is nothing to worry about. It seems to be a mild infection. It will clear up quickly.
You : (h)….._……..
Doctor : Fifty rupees.
You : Here, (i)……………
Doctor : No, there is no need to come again. However, if you do not feel any improvement in three days, do contact me.
You :G)……………
Doctor : Bye. 10
Answer :

Q. 7. Punctuate the following by supplying punctuation marks and capital letters : how have you found so much wealth asked ali babus wife he said i have got it from friends,
Answer :

Q. 8. Read the following passage and fill in the blanks with the suitable alternative. Three alternatives are given against each blank:

There………1……….(are/is/was) a lion who decided to walk ………2……….(over/through/under) the jungle and take a poll to de¬cide ………3……….(which/who/whom) was the king of the jungle. He ………4……….(go/goes/went) to the monkey and………5……….(asked/ said/told), “Who is the king of the jungle ?” “You………6………. (are/is/were)” said the monkey. The lion then asked………7………. (a/an/the) tiger, the deer and the giraffe. All of them………8……….(recognize/recognized/had recognized) him as the king. Finally the lion went to the elephant. The elephant………9………. (slept/is sleeping/was sleeping). The lion………10……….(wake/woke/ woken) him up and repeated the question. Angry at being disturbed,
the elephant………11……….(pick/picks/picked) up the lion and threw him………12……….(against/beside/in) a large tree. The poor lion got………13……….(across/down/up), dusted himself and remarked, “You don’t………14……….(need/needed/will need) to get angry if you don’t………15……….(had/has/have) the right answer.”
Answer :

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