English Stream B External Correspondence Previous Year Question Paper Year 2005 : IIIrd Year

Q. 1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
One common mistake that many people have made is this : they have thought that it would be a very good thing if everybody had exactly the same amount of money, no matter whether they worked hard or lived quie idly. They forget that very few people would work at all if it were not for the money their work brings them and that without work there would be no money. And they have even imagined that if all the money in the country were equally divided, everybody would be rich. Now that is a very great mistake because there simply is not enough money to make everybody rich. It is quite true that there is in this country a small number of very rich people but they are so few in comparison with the whole population that even if they were to share out all their wealth among the rest, it wouid make very little difference. It is said that if you flattened out that great Indian mountain, Mount Everest, the highhest mountain in the world, and spread it over the whole of India, you would raise the tevel of the land only marginally. See if you can think out what that has to do with the question being considered.

Many people, unfortunately, seem to think also that the govern¬ment can always pay out money quite easily and in any quantity and they forget or else do not know, that the government can only pay out money that it has received in taxes – money that the tax-payer has had to work for.

And now here is one final mistake that one has to be warned against. Don’t ever imagine that there is anything to be ashamed of or anything undignified or anything to grumble about in having to work hard for your living. If when you start work you can go into a job that suits you so that you can really enjoy the work itself, so much the better : 1 hope that is what will happen. But if the work is not exactly the kind that you would choose, you must try to remember that you are helping to produce the things that other people need; you are ‘doing your bit’ and playing your part in the work of the world. You are like a wheel, even if it is only a tiny wheel, in the great world-machinery of trade and industry that is always busily at work providing for the wants of hundreds of millions of people. You must put your best efforts in your work and see to it that your particular task is always done as well as you can possibly do it.

(i) Suggest a suitable title to this passage.
(it) Why is it really necessary to work ?
(iii) If all the money in (he world is equally divided, everybody would be very happy and rich. Do you agree ?
(iv) Which is the best job in the world ? Why must you embrace it lovingly ?
(v) The author tails us about flattening Mount Everest and the little difference it would make in raising the level of land in India. What is his point in giving us this example? 2
(vi) What is the meaning of ‘doing your bit’ and ‘to grumble about’ ?
(vii) Put in your own words : “You are like a wheel, even if it is only a tiny wheel, in the great world-machinery of trade and industry hat is always busily at work providing for the wants of hundreds of millions of people.”
(v’iii) Give the words opposite in meaning to the following:
(a) start,
(b) forget.
(ix) Give the words having similar meaning to the following :
(a) provide,
(b) unfortunately. _
(x) What are the mistakes that people make in re lation to money ? Mention any two.
Answer :

Q. 2. Read the following passage and answer the ques¬tions that follow :
(a) I think it did not hit him,
But suddenly that part of him that
was left behind convulsed in undignified haste.
Writhed like lighting and was, gone.
(i) What is ‘it’ ? 1
(ii) Why did the speaker hit him ?
(iii) Where did ‘it’ go ? 2

(b) Mum doesn’t smile like she used to. Often, she just sits and sighs. Sometimes, I know from the smudges, That while we are out, she cries.
(There are four chairs round the table ‘-John Foster)
(i) Why doesn’t Mum smile now ? 1
(ii) How was the life of the family earlier ? 2
(iii) Give the meaning of the following words : smudges, sighs.
Answer :

Q. 3. Read the extracts given below and answer the questions that follow:
(a) She was happy but she was unhappy too. She was like
everyone else-she had ‘somehow expected something different’ from what life actually gave her. Sometimes she wished William was more extravagant. He didn’t seem to understand the value of pleasure. Life was a hard struggle-a series of dull daily habits. No change! No fun!
(Under the Clock – Arnold Bennett)
(i) Why was’she’unhappy ?
(ii) Why was life a hard struggle for this family ?
(iii) What was William’s profession ?

(b) Downstairs, the doctor left three different medicines in different coloured capsules with instructions forgiving them. One was to bring down the fever, another a purgative, the third to over-cone an acid condition, he explained. The germs of influenza can only exist in an acid condition, he explained. He seemed to know all about influenza and said there was nothing to worry about if the fever did not go above one hundred and four degrees. This was a light epidemic of flue and there was no danger, if you avoided pneumonia.
(A Day’s Wart-Ernest Hemingway)
(i) How many medicines did the doctor prescribe?
(ii) Which is the only condition where the germs of influenza can exist ?
(iii) Was the doctor worried about the patieiu’s condition ?
Answer :

Q. 4. Write about 150 words arguing either for or against the statement:
Advertising is the only way to increase sales.
Answer :

Q. 5. Do you think the elder brother’s attitude was the right one in Premchand’s ‘My Big Brother’ ? Discuss.

Or

What kind of problems did the narrator have to face after he won a road engine as a prize in R.K. Narayan’s ‘Engine Troube’?
Answer :

Q. 6. Write a letter to a friend who is exclusively occu¬pied with his studies advising him to take part in games.
Answer :

Q. 7. (a) Fill in the blanks with the appropriate word out of the three alternatives given within brackets :
Perhaps …………..1…… (a, an, the) most important contribution of forests to modern civilisation is that they………2………(provide, give, make) the raw material for making paper……….3……….(a, an, the) Chinese who invented paper several thousand years back used the inner bark ofcertain trees for making paper. Today, paper……..4……… (is, are, has) made mostly from wood, bamboo and certain types of grasses. Very………5……..(little, much, many) can be done these days without the use of paper and we can………6………(even, also never) say that modern civilization depends………7………(on, in, of) paper.

(b) Rewrite the following in indirect speech :
Natasha – Excuss me, can you help me I do not know the way to the station.
Amrita – Sure, Go straight and take the first left turn. It’s just about 100 metres from there.
Natasha – Thank you for your help.
Answer :

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