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English Paper V (b) Classical Literature Previous Year Question Paper Year 2006 : IInd Year

Q. 1. (a) (i) Greeks believed that people really do not have much control over their destinies and thus transferred this control on to the Gods. Discuss the role of gods in The Iliad.

Or

(ii) Does Homer’s Iliad glorify or condemn war ? Discuss. 10

(b) (i) What is the most striking aspect of Medea by Euripides ? Is it the rescue of Medea at the end, her vengeful acts or the way Jason denies responsibility ? Discuss.

Or

(ii) ‘There should have been some other means for mankind to reproduce itself, without the need of the female sex, this would ride the world of all its troubles.’ How far is Jason justified in expressing such hatred for women ? Discuss. 10

(c) (i) In Aristophanes Lysistrata ‘women exploit their stereotypical female identity as a source of power. Discuss.

Or

(ii) Does Lysistrata follow the conventions of the Greek Old Comedy ? Discuss. 10
Answer :

Q. 2. (a) (i) Write a note on Aristotle’s definition of trag¬edy.

Or

(ii) How does Irawati Karve compare and contrast Draupadi with Sita ? 7

(b) Write notes on :
(i) Absence of tragedy in Abhijnansakuntatam.

Or

(ii) Epic conventions in Iliad or Mahabharata.
Answer :

Q. 3. (a) Discuss the representation of female sexuality in Abhijnansakuntalam.

Or

(b) Abhijnansakuntalam is a celebration of romantic love, where the woman before she is acknowledged as a wife, exercises the freedom to choose and to act.’ Do you agree ? Discuss.
Answer :

Q. 4. (a) Examine the role of Sakuni in the Game of Dice, with special reference to the structures of power that operate in this context.

Or

(b) ‘The world of Mahabharata when seen from the point of view of women is one of power structures controlled by men.’ How do the prescribed parts of the book bring this out ? Discuss.
Answer :

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English Paper V (a) Nineteenth Century European Realism Previous Year Question Paper Year 2006 : IInd Year

Q. 1. (a) Is the analysis of the lovers like that of laboratory animals or is Therese Raquin, despite its preface, biassed towards Therese, emphasising her marginalised status as a woman of “African” descent ? Give a reasoned answer.

Or

The use of the macabre adds to the “realism” of Therese Raquin. Do you agree ? Illustrate your answer from the Morgue section and Camille’s “ghost”.

(b) “You are taking insolent advantage of my distress, monsieur. I may be in a pitiful state, but I am not up for sale!”
It felt as though Providence were relentlessly pursuing her, and, fortifying herself with pride, never had she felt such self-esteem nor such disdain for the rest of the world.

(i) Bring out the significance of the phrases : “insolent advantage” and “not up for sale”, while linking them with the wider social critiques in the novel. 5

(ii) Commenting on the context bring out the contrast between “self esteem” and “disdain for the rest of the world.” Do you agree with the writer’s position ? 6

Or

” – It had to be, my dear.
-Were you not happy ? Is it my fault ? But I’ve done everything I could.
-Yes…. you have … you were good, you were.”
(i) Was the second speaker “good” ? Did he do “everything” ? 3
(ii) Was Emma’s tragic end inevitable (“had to be”)? Place your answer in the larger conflicts of the novel.
(iii) “We base our conduct on what we recognise as useful”, Bazarov went on. “In these days the most useful thing we can do is to repudiate and so we repudiate”.
“Everything,?”
“Everything.”
“What ? Not only art, poetry… but also.. I am afraid to say it…
‘Everything’.
(i) What do you understand by the phrase “repudiate everything”? What is the other speaker hinting at ?
(ii) Place Turgenev’s portrayal of Bazarov in Fathers and Sons in the light of contemporary Russian debates on radiacalism. 7

Or

“Am 1 incapable of love ?” she murmured. “Probably. Only I was wrong to call it an unhappiness. On the contrary, the person most to be pitied is the one who meets with that experience”.

(i) Assess the positions of the two speakers on the issue of love. 4
ii) What contemporary stereotypes is the writer using to place the characters above ? In your opinion has he been fair to them ? 7
Answer :

Q. 2. (a) Write brief notes on :
The representation of the institution of the family from any two French novels in your course.

Or

The special importance of contemporary social and political ideas Russian in the Russian novel. 5

(b) Explain Balzac’s idea that a writer must not only record social events but “also investigate the reasons or the cause of these social effects”. Is this true of the novels in your course ? Support your answer with n brief reference to any incident of any novel from your course.

Or

Write briefly on Zola’s ideas of “determinism” illustrating them from any texts other than Therese Raquin.
Answer :

Q. 3. Critically examine Raskolnikov’s confessions before Sonya and Porfiry. Can Dostoyevsky’s Crime and Punishment be seen as a story of Raskcolnikov’s sin and redemption ?

Or

Can Old Goriot be seen as a novel of Rastignac’s growth ? Does Balzac repose hope in him as a bulwark against consumerist doom ? Give a carefully reasoned answer.
Answer :

Q. 4. (a) In Crime and Punishment it is the supernatural, in Old Goriot it is hyperboles and exaggerations; both Dostoyevsky and Balzac use unrealistic devices to heighten social critique. Do you agree ? Illustrate your answer ? Does this tendency militate against the “realism” of their novels ?

Or

Vautrin and Svidrigailov are used by their rspective authors to explore and define the boudaries of contemporary social morality. In the light of the roles of these two characters compare and contrast the techniques of social critique in Crime and Punishment and Old Godot.
Answer :

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English Paper IV English Literature 2 Previous Year Question Paper Year 2006 : IInd Year

Q. I. Read the passages given below and answer the ques¬tions that follow :

(A)

(a) Antony : Say to me,
Whose fortunes shall rise higher, Caesar’s or mine ?
Soothsayer : Caesar’s.
Therefore, O Antony, stay not by his side :
They demon, that thy spirit which keps theee, is Noble, cou¬rageous, high, unmatchable,
Were Caesar’s is not. But near him, thy angle Becomes afeard; as being o’erpower’d, therefore Make space enough be¬tween you.

(i) Explain the context of these lines. 3
(ii) Critically comment on the qualities of Antony being mentioned here which make him a weak contender to Cae¬sar. 8

Or

(b) Comment on the barge scene especially the representa¬tion of the Egyptian way of life. 11

(B)

(a) 1 Pilgrim : Here’s a strange turn of state : who Would have thought
So great a lady would have match’d herself
Unto so mean a person ? Yet the Cardinal
Bears himself much too cruel.
2 Pilgrim : They are banish’d
1 Pilgrim : But I would ask what power hath this state
Of Ancona, to determine of a free prince ?
(i) Explain the context of these lines. 3
(ii) Critically comment on the personal, political and religious implications of the Duchess’s marriage as being discussed here. 8

Or

(b) Critically comment on the change in Bosola’s character in the last two acts of the play. 11

(C)

(a) Comment on Willmore’s encounter with Florinda in the garden. 11

Or

(b) Hellena : Madam, ’tis to entreat you (oh unreasonable) You would not see this stranger.
For if you do, she vows you are undone;
Though nature never made a man so excellent,
And sure he’ad been a god, but for inconstancy.

(i) Explain the context of these lines. 3
(ii) What does the speaker intend to achieve by these revelations ? 4
(iii) Comment on the theme of masking and unmask¬ing with reference to the lines given above.
Answer :

Q. 2. (a) Of whom does Jesus say, “Her sins, which are many, are forgiven : for she loved much”‘ and why ? How does he differentiate between those who “love much” and those who “love little” ? (Luke)

Or

What, according to Bacon, is the true purpose and manner of reading books ? How do different branches of learning endow people with different qualities ? 6

(b) Write a short note on :
Socio-political and theatrical developments in Jacobean England.

Or

Milton’s views on divorce and marriage. 6
Answer :

Q. 3. Eve raises important questions pertaining to virtue, submission, freedom and the nature of marital bonds both before and after her trangression.” Elaborate and discuss with reference to Book IX of Paradise Lost

Or

“In his desire for Eve, Adam reveals his own narcissistic needs.” Critically examine this statement with reference to Book IX of Paradise Lost. 15

Q. 4. In ‘Discourse concerning satire’, Oryden states that, “we have no moral right on the reputation of other men”. Examine Dryden’s Mac Flecknoe in the light of statement given above.

Or

In The Rape of the Lack, Pope presents a world where objects and commodities have taken over the human. Discuss with reference to the poem. 15
Answer :

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English Paper III English Literature 1 Previous Year Question Paper Year 2006 : IInd Year

Q. 1. (a) (i) ‘Faustus’ agony during the final scene of the play expresses the complexity of the contradiction and subver¬sion that are at the heart of the play.’ Discuss.

Or

(ii) The structure of Doctor Faustus inherited from the morality plays negates what the play experientially affirms-the heroic aspirations of Renaissance man. Discuss. 10

(b) (i) Time plays a signifincant role not only in Epithalamion’s temporal structure but is one of the major symbols in the poem. Discuss,

Or

(ii) What areas of experiment in the poetry of John Donne do not conform to our expectations of metaphysical poetry ?10

(c) (i) Cross-dressing helps Rosalind to Subvert the social construction of women that confines them to passive roles in society. Discuss.

Or

(iii) The forest of Arden functions as much more than a mere idyllic background to the action of the play As You Like It Discuss. 10
Answer :

Q. 2. (a) (i) The young lovers are rebellious against reason; those who are mature in age can control their senses with the help of reason. How would this advice help the young courtiers? Discuss Castioglione’s views.

Or

(ii) “Nature’s world is brasen, the poets only deliver a golden.” Discuss Sidney’s defence of poetry.
(b) Write a note on : 8
(i) The miracle and morality plays.
Answer :

Q. 3. (a) “The Wife of Bath’s Tale should be understood in the context of her Prologue rather than as a wishful alternative to it.” Discuss.

Or

(b) “Marriage is more than just a game it is a financial transaction.” Discuss the wife of Bath’s narratives in the context of the social conditions of her times. 15
Answer :

Q. 4. (a) Iago’s way of evil consists in finding the weaknesses in others and using them to their own destruction. Discuss Iago’s machinations on Cassio and Othello.

Or

(b) The handkerchief becomes a powerful device for exposing the hoilowness of relationships and the politics of power in Shakespeare’s Othello. Discuss. 15
Answer :

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English Paper V (b) Classical Literature Previous Year Question Paper Year 2005 : IInd Year

Q.I. Critically comment on :
(a) Aphrodite

Or

“Big though Priam was, he came in unobserved, went up to Achilles, grasped his knees and kissed his hands, the terrible, man killing hands that had slaughtered many of his sons.”

(b) There are three who own no property, A student, a slave, a dependent woman;
The wife of a slave, you are his now, my dear; A masterless slave wench, your are now slave wealth!

Or

The significance of Draupadi being dragged to the court by her hair.

(c) The Cinesias-Myrrhine episode as illustrating Lysistrata’s happy idea of sex-strike.

Or

The seizure of the acropolis in Lysistrata.
Answer :

Q. 2. (a) How does Plato argue that poets “have no grasp of truth” ?

Or

Bring out the significance of Draupadi reminiscing about her marriage to the five Pandavas. 6

(b) Write a note on comedy in the Athenian city state ?

Or

Briefly define the concept of Dharma.
Answer :

Q. 3. Critically comment on Euripides’ depiction of Medea’s tragedy as relating to her status as a foreign woman in Athens.

Or

“And they tell us, we at home
Live free from danger, they go out to battle; fools !”
How and why does Medea foreground marriage as an arena for tragedy ? 15
Answer :

Q. 4. Critically examine the representation of female sexuality and motherhood in Abhijnana Shakuntalam,

Or

Abhijnana Shakuntalam dramatises the conflict between desire and duty. Discuss. 15
Answer :

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English Paper IV English Literature2 Previous Year Question Paper Year 2005 : IInd Year

(A)

Q. 1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

‘ Cleopatra : With thy sharp teeth this knot intrinsicate –
Of life at once untie. Poor venomous fool,
Be angry, and dispatch. O, couldst thou speak,
That I might her thee call great Caesar ass Unpolicied!
Chairmain : O estern star!
Cleopatra : Peace, peace !
Dost thou not see my baby at my breast,
That sucks the nurse asleep ?

(i) Explain “ass unpolicied” ? Does Cleopatra succeed in her intention of making Caesar an “ass unpolicied” ? 4
(ii) Critically comment on “Dost thou not see my baby at my breast, That sucks the nurse asleep” ? 7

Or

(b) Critically comment on the barge scene in Antony and Cleopatra.

(B)

(a) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:
Duchess : I am Duchess of Malfi still,
Bosola : That makes thy sleeps so broken :

Glories like glow – worms afar off shine bright,
But-look’d to near, have neither heat or light.
Duchess : Thou art very plain.
Bosola : My trade is to flatter the dead, not the living;

(i) Critically comment on the Duchess’s statement “I am Duchess of Malfi still”. 5
(ii) Explain the simile “Glories like glow-worms afar off shine bright. But look’d to near have neither heat nor light.”
iii) What is Bosola’s “trade” at this point ? Identify the medieval tradition Webster is drawing upon in this scene in the exchange between Bosola and the Duchess. 3

Or

(b) Malateste describes Bosola as “thou wretched thing of blood”. Is this an adequate summing up of his character and role in The Duchess of Malfi ?

(C)

(a) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:
“Hymen and priest wait upon portions and jointrues; love and beauty have their own ceremonies. Marriage is as certain a bane to love as lending money is to friendship.”
(i) What do “portions” and “jointures” refer to ?
(ii) What is the distinction made between love and Hymen?
(iii) Does the speaker manage to convince the addressee?

Or

(b) One of the issues addressed in The Rover is the projection of blame from the perpetrators of violence onto their victims. How appropriately does this sum up Wilimore’s attitude to women in the play?
Answer :

Q, 2. (a) What is Bacon’s concept of knowledge ? Discuss with reference to the extracts in your course. 6

Or

How does Hobbes distinguish between “wit” and “judgement” in ‘On Wit And Judgement’ ?
(b) Write a short note on : 6
The Machiavel in 17th century English drama.
Or

Epic simile.
Answer :

Q. 3. What understanding do you form of Milton’s views on the man-woman relationship from your reading of book IX of Paradise Lost ? 15

Or

Discuss the portrayal of Satan in Book IX of Milton’s Paradise Lost. 15
Answer :

Q. 4. “Pope depicts Belinda as a mindless consumer, representative of the women of her class in the early eighteenth century London.” Do you agree with this view ? Give a reasoned answer.

Or

Is MacFlecknoe a lampoon or a satire on bad writing ? Discuss.
Answer :

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English Paper III English Literature 1 Previous Year Question Paper Year 2005 : IInd Year

Q. 1. (a) “Marriage is an event which concerns the commu¬nity as well as the individual.” Discuss how Spenser blends images from classical mythology with realism to represent marriage, in his poem Epithalamion.”

Or

Donne’s poems are overtly patriarchal’ and ‘explicity imperalist. Discuss with reference to any two of Donne’s poems in lour course.

(b) ‘The ending of As You Like It has been made interesting by the epilogue.” Discuss.

Or

“The wisest of Shakespeare’s characters are often detached from the action of the play in which they appear.” How far is this true of Jaques in As you Like It ? Discuss.

(c) Discuss the significance of the pageant of the seven deadly sins in relation to the form of Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus.

Or

Discuss the theme of time and the dramatic presentation of it un the scene of the last speech of Doctor Faustus. 11
Answer :

Q. 2. (a) “To him it was granted, to have what he chooses to be what he wills.” Discuss Mirandola’s view of man in the light of this statement.

Or

“Salvation is freely offered to some and others are prevented from attaining it.” Elaborate Calvin’s views on predestination and free will ?

(b) Write a note on the Elizabethan stage.

Or

Trace the growth of tragedy from Marlowe to Shakespeare. 6
Answer :

Q. 3. “lago destroys Othello and Desdemona without lifting a finger; he uses his tongue alone. And it is a brilliant one.” Dis¬cuss.

Or

Both Othello and Desdemona get what they deserve. Do you agree ? Discuss.
Answer :

Q. 4. “Marriage is more than just a game it is a financial transaction,” Discuss the wife of Bath’s narratives in the context of the social conditions of her times.

Or

Is there any co-relation between the story of the wife of Bath, as sketched out in The Prologue, and the story of the old and ugly hag in The Tale ? Give reasons for your answer.
Answer :

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English Paper II Twentieth Century Indian Writing Previous Year Question Paper Year 2006 : Ist Year

Q. 1. (a) Wherever I try to live,
in pious penitence at Puri
Or in the fiery violence of a revolutionary
My reason becomes a prejudiced sorrow
like socialism

(i) Identify the given lines and dicuss their context. 3
(ii) Explain “fiery violence of a revolutionary”. 3
(iii) Comment on the political overtones of the poem. 5

Or

“Muktibodh’s poetry is experimental and deeply speculative.” Discuss the above statement with detailed reference to his poems in your course. 11

(b) Do you agree with the view that Halfway-House is primarily about a search for meaning and identity? Give a reasoned answer.

Or

Ghasiram Kotwal is a perfect blend of the historical and the contemporary. Discuss.

(c) Comment on the view that The Shadow Lines is a novel of imagination and memory.

Or

Discuss the role of the grandmother in The Shadow Lines.
Answer :

Q. 2. (a) Write a critical note on “third world literature” as discussed by Namver Singh in his essay.

Or

“Nationalism is a great menace.” Comment on the above statement by Tagore with reference to Home and the World. 6

(b) Comment on UR Ananthamurthy’s description of the writer as “a conscience-keeper” and a “critical insider”. 6
Or
Discuss Ezekiels use of “Indian English” in his poetry.
Answer :

Q. 3. Do you agree with the view that Manto uses the metaphor of madness in “TobaTek Singh” to discuss the idea of nationalism ? Give reasons for your answer. 15

Or

“Lihaf’ and “Squirrel” share both feminist views and voices. Comment.
Answer :

Q. 4. Critically comment on the view that Home and the World is the story of Bimala’s struggle between the contradictory pulls of “home” and the “world”. 15

Or

Home and the World represents several forms and aspects of nationalism. Discuss.
Answer :

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English Literature 4 Paper I Previous Year Question Paper Year 2006 : Ist Year

Q. 1. Write explanatory and critical notes on:
(a) TheDodsons

Or

(b) Bob Jakin

(c) Jane’s life in Gateshead Hall

Or

(d) Jane’s first meeting with Mr. Rohester 11

(e) Notice Neptune, though,
Taming a,sea-horse, thought a rarity,
Which Clans of Innsbruck cast in bronze for me.

Or

(f) There she weaves by night and day
A magic wet with colours gay,
She has heard a whisper say,
A curse is on her if she stay
To look down to Camelot. 11
Answer :

Q. 2.(a) “The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas.”(Marx.) Elaborate.

Or

(b) J.S. Mills views on the freedom of women in his essay The Subjection of Women are reactionary rather than revolution¬ary. Discuss. 6

(c) Marriages in 19th century Fiction create more problems than they solve. Discuss with reference toat at least two novels.

Or

(d) Write a short note on the representation of women in 19th century poetry.
Answer :

Q. 3.(a) Is Elizabeth Bennet different from Charlotte Lucas or do they share the same attitude towards marriage ? Give reasons for your answer.

Or

(b) Discuss the title of Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice.
Answer :

Q. 4. (a) Do you agree with the view that Rachel and Stephen are too good to be true ? Give reasons for your answer.

Or

(b) What do Sissy Jupe and the Circus bring to Hard Times ?
Answer :

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English Literature 4 Paper I Previous Year Question Paper Year 2005 : Ist Year

Q. 1. Write explanatory and critical notes on :
(a) Georgiana Darcy,

Or

(b) The Bingley Jane Bennet courtship.
(c) The Old Hell Shaft.
Or

(d) The conclusion of Hard Times.

(e) I cannot rest from travel : I will drink
Life to the lees : all times I have enjoy’d
Greatly, have suffer’d greatly, both with those
That loved me, and alone;

Or

(f) Oh, Sir, she smiled, no doubt,
Whene’er I passed her; but who passed without
Much the same smile ? This grew; I gave commands;
Then all smiles stopped together. There she stands As if alive. 11
Answer :

Q. 2. (a) “The mode of production in material life determines the general character of the social, political and spiritual processes of life.” (Marx). Elaborate.

Or

(b) Critically examine J. S. Mill’s views of women in The Subjection of Women.
Or

(c) Bring out the element of realism in any one novel in your course.
Or

(d) Write a short note on the dramatic monologue in Victorian poetry.
Answer :

Q. 3. (a) Compare Rochester and St. John Rivers in their dealings with people other than Jane.

Or

(b) “Although small, simple and supposedly plain, Jane is a truly romantic heroine.” Do you agree ? Give a reasoned an¬swer.
Answer :

Q. 4. (a) Do you agree with the view that Maggie Tulliver is too sensitive and imaginative for her environment ? Give reasons for your answer.

Or

(b) Discuss the roles that Philip and Stephen Guest play in the life of Maggie Tulliver.
Answer :

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