Q. 1. (a) (i) In addition to political subjects, one recurrent theme in Swift’s work is the attack on women. Discuss with special reference to Voyage 2 of Gulliver’s Travels.
(ii) The person of Lemuel Gulliver has been created to serve as a mouthpiece for swift. Would you agree ? Give a reaÂ¬soned answer.
(b) Identify, contextualize, explain and critically comment &n the following :
(i) The hapless nymph with wonder saw:
A whisker first and then a claw,
With many an ardent wish,
She stretched in vain to reach the prize.
What female heart can gold despise ?
What cat’s averse to fish ?
(ii) But times are altered; trade’s unfeeling train
Usurp the land and disposses the swain;
Along the lawn, where scattered hamlets rose,
Unwieldy wealth, and cumbrous pomp repose;
And every want to opulence allied,
And every pang that folly pays to pride.
(c) Identify, contextualize, explain and critically comment on the following:
(i) Then, as a wild swan, when sublimely winging
Its path athwart the thunder-smoke of dawn,
Sinks headlong through the aerial golden light
On the heavy-sounding plain,
When the bolt has pierced the brain;
As summer clouds dissolve, unburthened of their rain;
As a far taper fades with the fading night,
As a brief insect dies with the dying day,-
My song, its pinions disarrayed of might, Drooped:
(ii) Thou wast not born for death, immortal bird!
No hungry generations tread thee down;
The voice I hear this passing night was heard
In ancient days by emperor and clown :
Perhaps the self-same song that found a path
Through the sad heart of Ruth, when, sick for home,
She stood in tears amid the alien corn;
The same that oft-times hath
Charmed magic casements, opening on the foam
Of perilous seas in fairy lands forlorn.
Q. 2. (a) (i) ‘A Modest Proposal’ is a rational, pragmatic and workable solution to poverty, put forth by a theorist of economy. Would you agree ? Discuss.
(ii) Why and how does Mary Wolstonecraft advocate the necessity of education for women ?
(b) (i) Write a brief but analytical essay on Romanticism.
(ii) Write a note on the influence of science on the literature of mid-eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
Q. 3. (i) Analyse Blake’s “The Tyger” in terms of its symÂ¬bol and meanings.
(ii) “Dejection: An Ode” and “Ode : On the Intimations of Immortality” are poems about the poet’s loss of vision. Examine the relationship between the two poems.
Q, 4, (i) Examine critically the title page of Frankenstein and its thematic relationship with the text.
(ii) Frankenstein critiques the enterprising spirit which drove scientific development and mercantile expansion since the eighteenth century. Discuss.