Q. 1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
Whatever be the purity of truth, the fact is that imagination has always fascinated men, women and children. In spite of endless production of stories in the modern times, the ancient legends, fables and tales always remain memorable. These reign supreme in the hearts of children. Perhaps the main reason for this is that these usually overflow with imagination and wonderful fantasy. Often termed as legend and myth, these stories continue to be rated among the most interesting. These include Mahabharata, Ramayana, Sindbad’s Travels and Adventures, Arabian Night, Panchatantra Stories, Aesop’s Fables etc. They make the children giggle and cry, laugh and weep, they touch the heart and stir human feelings. They arouse curiosity and imagination. The myths and legends provide their own explanation of the natural world through the adventures of demons and devils, gods and goddesses. In their own peculiar â€ž way, myths tell why the winds blow and how man discovered the wonderful tool of fire. The legends explain the story of mankind. Through the adventures of great heroes and heroines.
Many of myths and legends with which we are most familiar, originated in the orient and ancient Greece. The people of ancient * Greece gave the name of’Chaos’ to the newly formed earth. Westill use the word ‘Chaos’ to mean a state of great confusion, the anÂ¬cient Gods emerged from Chaos to give the young earth order and form. Mythology tells us a number of stories about how man came to be and when he did make his first appearance.The stories in legends and myths explain the experiences and feelings of man, including disease, epidemics, wars, calamities, sorrows and death. These explain how the ‘hope1 made the mankind to bear its worst problem. The myths also explain the scientific and natural phenomÂ¬ena, like the movement of the sun, the moon, the stars and the planets in their own way.
All this richness, variety and beauty of legendary tales and mythological stories make them immortal. Till there is life on the earth these would survive.
(i) What makes the ancient tales, legends and fables memorable ? 2
(ii) Write any four names of most popular stories.
(iii) How do the myths and legends provide us explanation of natural world ?
(iv) What name is given to the earth by the people of Greece ? 2
(v) What is the meaning of Chaos as we use today?
(vi) What make mythological stories immortal ? 2
(vii) Complete the sentences given below:
(a) Tales and stories, make the children………
(b) The legends explain the story of mankind through……….
(viii) What is the origin of some of the myths and legends ?
(ix) Choose words from the passage which are simiÂ¬lar in meaning to:
(b) Disaster. 2
(x) Choose words from the passage opposite in meanÂ¬ing to :
(b) Disappear. 2
Q. 2. Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow:
(a) In an underworld culture, the country side would be right there, a few hundred yards above the upper level of the cities- wherever you are. The surface would have to be protected from too frequent, or too intense, or too careless visiting but however, carefully restricted the upward trips might be, the chances are that the dwellers of the new caves would see more greenery, under ecologically healthier conditions, than dwellers of surface cities do today.
(New Caves by Isaac Asimov)
(i) What are new caves ? 1
(ii) How would the dwellers of New Caves see more greenery than we do now ?
(iii) What do you mean by the phrase ‘ecologically healthier conditions’ ?
(b) When the last of my fellow-passengers had gone I put down my paper, stretched my arms and my legs, stoodup and looked out of the window on the calm summer night through which I was journeying, nothing the pale reminiscence of day that still lingered in the northern sky crossed the carriage and looked out of the other window, lit cigarette, sat down and began to read again. It was then that I became aware of my fellow traveller.
(A Fellow Traveller by A. G. Gardiner)
(i) What did the narrator do after the departure of his last fellow passenger ?
(ii) What did he look out of the window in the northern sky ?
(iii) Who was his fellow-traveller? 1
Q. 3. Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow:
(a) Spend all you have for loveliness,
Buy it and never count the cost,
For one white singing hour of peace
Count many a years of strife well lost,
And for a breath of ecstasy
Give all you have been, or could be.
(i) What does the poet suggest to buy ? 2
(ii) What does he want to convey in the last two lines?
(iii) What does ‘it’ refer to in line two ? 1
in the distance
is my only halo.
add up to meanings
Every cup of tea
becomes the ceremony
it should have always been.
(At 62, by Nissim Ezekiel)
(i) What does ‘halo’ mean ? 1
(ii) Why do memories do and how ? 2
(iii) When does a cup of tea become a ceremony ? 2
Q. 4. ‘Rites and rituals of marriage and death serve the purpose of culture of a particular community not of superstitious.* Bring out this fact with the help of the story ‘Tangle’. 10Or
Where would you like to spend your holidays so that it could be a memorable trip that would add something new to your knowledge 7 How would you plan your trip ? You can take help from ‘Under the clock’ of your textbook.
Q. 5. Whose point of view is presented in the poem ‘A Sad Song About Greenwich Village’. Do you think the woman is as unhappy as she is made out to be ? Explain. 10
“Both parents are must for a perfect happy home.” This seems true when we read the poem ‘There are four chairs round the table’. Explain.
Q. 6. Write a letter to your sister describing the accident you met with two days ago.Or
Write a letter to your friend about your plans after graduation and seek his advice.
Q. 7. (A) Fill in the blanks with the appropriate word out of the three alternatives given within brackets : 5
There is a feeling of discontent in the country. Princes are going up. Life has become very………1………(costly, difficult, painful). Market is full of inferior………2………(items, goods, things).
Pure things are not easily available. Unemployment is in its ………3……… (ugly, uglier, ugliest) from. Wherever you go, you ………4………(should, will, could) hear ‘No Vacancy’……….5………(a,
an the) young man becomes desperate when he comes out after completing his education. He finds………6………(herself, himself, themselves) lost in the world. Besides these, dishonesty, cheating and
unfaithfulness are seen………7………(on, at, in) every step. There is a flood of inspectors but they themselves indulge in bribery and evil practice……….8………(everybody, nobody, somebody) knows
where such a state of affairs will lead………9………(them, us, him). The only………10………(suggestion, solution, problem) of these evils is a good, fair and efficient administration.
(B) Change the following into indirect narration : 5
She said to the doctor, “What shall I do ? My father is ill and I have no money.”
The doctor said,”Do not weep, my child! I shall help you as much as 1 can.”
She said, “I am very thankful to you.”