. Explain with reference to the context any four of the questions given below :
(a) This then was the truffle he had routed out of the earth! Rotter, at the centre-rotten at the core !
(b) Does it ever occur to you to be ashamed to live by preying on the myriad little tragedies of unfulfillment which make your methods pay so well ?
(c) ‘Stock exchanges are the barometers of the economy.’
(d) ‘Is necessity is the mother of invention, play is its father’.
(e) “The perfume of our gardens
Is entagngled in the filaments
Of the waiting night,
And we are moving the wheel
On which we are moving.’
Q. 2. Attempt any three of the questions given below in 150 words each :
(a) How did Albert Edward Foreman end up with a chain often shops ? (The Verger)
(b) What is wrong with mass production ?
(c) What is ‘bargaining by exhaustion’ ? (The Management Speaks to the Graduate)
(d) How does advertising corrupt the youth ? (A Talk on Advertising)
Q. 3. Attempt one of the following questions in about 250 words :
(a) Comment upon the depiction of the Indians and the BritÂ¬ish in Laiaji.
(b) What are the possible costs and the rewards of being an entrepreneur ? (Are you an Entrepreneur).
Read the passage that follows and answer the questions :
The history of the Galaxy has got a little muddled, for a number of reasons : parly because those who are trying to keep track of it have got a little muddled, but also because some very muddling things have been happening anyway.
One of the problems has to do with the speed of light and the difficulties involved in trying to exceed it. You can’t. Nothing travels faster than the speed of light with the possible exception of bad news, wich obeys its own special laws. The Hingefreel people of Arkintoofle Minor did try to build spaceships that were powered by bad news but they didn’t work particularly well and were so extremely unwelcome whenever they arrived anywhere that there wasn’t really any point in being there.
So, by and large, the peoples of the Galaxy tended to languish in their own local muddles and the history of the Galaxy itself was, for a long time, largely cosmological. Which is not to say that people weren’t trying. They tried sending off fleets of spaceships to do battle or business in distant parts, but these usually took thousands of years to get anywhere. By the time they eventually arrived, other forms of travel had been discovered which made use of hyperspace to circumvent the speed of light, so that whatever battles it was that the slower-than-light fleets had been sent to fight had already been taken care of centuries earlier by the time they actialy got there.
This didn’t, of course, deter their crews from wanting to fight the battles anyway. They were trained, they were ready, they’d had a couple of thousand years’ sleep, they’d come a long way to do a tough job and by Zarquon they were going to do it.
(Douglas Adams, Mostly Harmless)
(a) Why is the history of the galaxy muddled ?
(b) What travels faster than light ?
(c) What was the trouble with the ship which travelled on bad news ?
(d) Why would the crews insist on fighting obsolete battles?
(e) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.
Q. 5. Make a precis of the following passage. Also provide an apt title :
I never had problems with my fellow scientists. Scientists are a friendly, atheistic, hard-working, beer-drinking lot whose minds are preoccupied with sex, chess and baseball when they are not preoccupied with science.
I was a very good student, if I may say so myself. I was tops at St. Michael’s College four years in a row. I got every possible student award from the Department of Zoology. If I got none from the Department of Religious Studies, it is simply because there are no student awards in this department (the rewards of religious study are not in mortal hands, we all know that). I would have received the Governor General’s Academic Medal, the University of Toronto’s highest undergraduate award, of which no small number of illustrious Canadians have been recipients, were it, not for a beef-eating pink boy with a neck like a tree trunk and a temperament unbearable good cheer.
I still smart a little at the slight. When you’ver suffered a great deal in life, each additional pain is both unbearable and trifling. My life is like a memento mori painting from European art: there is always a grinning skull at my side to remind me of the folly of human ambition. I mock this skull. I look at it and I say, “You’ve got the wrong fellow. You may not believe in life, but I don’t believe in death. Move on !” The skull snickers and moves ever closer, but that doesn’t surprise me. The reason death sticks so closely to life isn’t biological necessity it’s envy. Life is so beautiful that death has fallen in love with it, a jealous, possessive love that grabs at what it can. But life leaps over oblivion lightly, losing only a thing or two of no importance, and gloom is but the passing shadow of a cloud. The pink boy also got the nod from the Rhodes Scholarship committee. I love him and I hope his time at Oxford was a rich experience. If Lakshmi, goddess of wealth, one day favours me bountifully, Oxford is fifth on the list of cities I would like to visit before I pass on, after Mecca, Varanasi, Jerusalem and Paris.
(Yann Martel, Life of Pi)
Q. 6. (a) As a student appalled at the abysmal level of interest in the subsidiary subjects, write a letter to the Principal of your College suggesting ways and means of kindling interest in the same.Or
(b) You have not been able to submit your interest assessment assignment for the second term since you have been busy helping organize the college festival. Write a letter to the teacher concerned requesting her to accept the assignment in the third term, after the home examinations. 10
Q. 7. Do as directed ; 10
Use the following pairs of words in sentences to demonÂ¬strate the difference in their meaning:
(a) credulity, credibility
(b) ascent, assent
(c) affect, effect Change the voice in the following sentences :
(d) Let me bring you songs from the wood.
(e) Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s Change into indirect speech :
(f) Gulliver said to the King. “Please take away my chains. I want to walk about”.
(g) “We shall meet in a place where there is no darkness.”
Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbs given below :
(h) When I (enter) the room, she (read) the letter.
(i) I am not very hopeful of her (arrive) this evening.
(j) Every examinee was confident of (pass) the examination.
Q. 8. (a) You had appeared for an interview at a call centre. The interview had gone well, but you have not heard from the company. Write to them, asking them about the status of your candidature. 10Or
Write a notice to be displayed on the students’ notice board seeking people interested in car-pool arrangements from your part of the city to the college,